Blessings of the first 10 days of Thul-Hajjah فضل أيام العشر الأوائل من ذي الحجة

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فذكر لعل الذكرى تنفع المؤمنين

English Translation Below….

الحمد لله ربّ العالمين، والصلاة والسلام على سيد المرسلين وبعد

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فإنّ من فضل الله ومنته أن جعل لعباده الصالحين مواسم يستكثرون فيها من العمل الصالح، ومن هذه المواسم عشر ذي الحجة..

فضـلها:


وقد ورد في فضلها أدلة من الكتاب والسنة منها:
1- قال تعالى: {وَالْفَجْرِ(1) وَلَيَالٍ عَشْرٍ(2)} [الفجر:1-2]، قال ابن كثير رحمه الله: “المراد بها عشر ذي الحجة كما قاله ابن عباس وابن الزبير ومجاهد وغيرهم”.


2- عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: «ما العمل في أيّام أفضل في هذه العشرة، قالوا: ولا الجهاد، قال: ولا الجهاد إلاّ رجل خرج يخاطر بنفسه وماله فلم يرجع بشئ». [رواه البخاري].

3- قال تعالى: {وَيَذْكُرُوا اسْمَ اللَّهِ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَّعْلُومَاتٍ} [الحج:28]، قال ابن عباس وابن كثير يعني : “أيام العشر”.

4- عن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: «مامن أيّام أعظم عند الله سبحانه ولا أحب إليه العمل فيهن من هذه الأيام العشر، فأكثروا فيهن من التهليل والتكبير والتحميد». [رواه الطبراني في المعجم الكبير].

5- كان سعيد بن جبير – رحمه الله – إذا دخلت العشر اجتهد اجتهاداً حتى ما يكاد يُقدَر ُ عليه. [الدارمي].


6- قال ابن حجر في الفتح: “والذي يظهر أنّ السبب في امتياز عشر ذي الحجة، لمكان اجتماع أمهات العبادة فيه، وهي الصلاة والصيام والصدقة والحج، ولا يأتي ذلك في غيره”.

ما يستحب في هذه الأيام:

1- الصلاة: يستحب التبكير إلى الفرائض، والإكثار من النوافل فإنّها من أفضل القربات.
روى ثوبان رضي الله عنه قال: سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: «عليك بكثرة السجود لله فإنّك لا تسجد لله سجدة إلاّ رفعك إليه بها درجة، وحط عنك بها خطيئة». [رواه مسلم]، وهذا في كل وقت.

2- الصيام: لدخوله في الأعمال الصالحة، فعن هنبدة بن خالد عن امرأته عن بعض أزواج النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قالت: «كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يصوم تسع ذي الحجة، ويوم عاشوراء، وثلاثة أيّام من كل شهر». [رواه أحمد وأبو داود والنسائي وغيرهم]. وقال الإمام النووي عن صوم أيّام العشر أنّه مستحب استحباباً شديداً.

3- التكبير والتهليل والتحميد: لما ورد في حديث ابن عمر السابق: «فأكثروا من التهليل والتكبير والتحميد» ،وقال الإمام البخاري – رحمه الله -: “كان ابن عمر وأبو هريرة رضي الله عنهما يخرجان إلى السوق في أيّام العشر يكبران ويكبر النّاس بتكبيرهما”، وقال أيضا : “وكان عمر يكبر في قبته بمنى فيسمعه أهل المسجد فيكبرون ويكبر أهل الأسواق حتى ترتج منى تكبيراً”.

وكان ابن عمر يكبر بمنى تلك الأيّام، وخلف الصلوات وعلى فراشه، وفي فسطاطه، ومجلسه، وممشاه تلك الأيّام جميعا، والمستحب الجهر بالتكبير لفعل عمر وابنه وأبي هريرة رضي الله عنهم أجمعين ..

وحري بنا نحن المسلمين أن نحيي هذه السنة التي قد أضيعت في هذه الأزمان، وتكاد تنسى حتى من أهل الصلاح والخير – وللأسف – بخلاف ما كان عليه السلف الصالح ..

صيغة التكبير:

ورد فيها عدة صيغ مروية عن الصحابة والتابعين منها:


– (الله أكبر، الله أكبر، الله أكبر كبيرا)).

– ((الله أكبر، الله أكبر، لا إله إلاّ الله، والله أكبر، والله أكبر، ولله الحمد)).

– ((الله أكبر، الله أكبر، الله أكبر، لا إله إلاّ الله، والله أكبر، الله أكبر، ولله الحمد)).

4- صيام يوم عرفة:

يتأكد صوم يوم عرفة، لما ثبت عنه صلى الله عليه وسلم أنّه قال عن صوم يوم عرفة: «أحتسب على الله أن يكفر السنة التي قبله والسنة التي بعده». [رواه مسلم].

لكن من كان في عرفة حاجاً فإنّه لا يستحب له الصوم، لأنّ النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وقف بعرفة مفطراً.

وصلى الله على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجميعن

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“Praise be to Allah Who has created time and has made some times better than others, some months and days and nights better than others. This is in a sense that rewards are multiplied many times than the case in other periods of time.

This reflects Allah’s overflowing mercy towards His servants, and it encourages them to do more righteous deeds. It makes them more eager to worship Him, so that the Muslim renews his efforts to gain a greater share of reward, prepare himself for death and supply himself in readiness for the Day of Judgment.

This season of worship brings many benefits, such as the opportunity to correct one’s faults and make up for any shortcomings or anything that one might have missed. Every one of these special occasions involves some kind of worship, through which the servants may draw closer to Allah. They also involve some kind of blessing, through which Allah bestows His favor and mercy upon whomsoever He wills.

Happiness and success are for the one who makes the most of these special months, days and hours, and draws nearer to his/her God during these times, through acts of worship and righteousness. The Muslim need to understand the value of his/her life, increase his/her worship of Allah and persist in doing good deeds until the moment of death.

Almighty Allah says in Surah 15, verse 99:

And worship your Lord until there comes unto you the certainty.

Scholars explain: “‘The certainty’ means death.”

Then, among the special seasons of worship are the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, which Allah has preferred over all the other days of the year…”

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) has said:

“There are no days during which good deeds are more beloved by Allah than these [ten] days.” (Reported by Bukhari, Tirmidhi and others.)

For this reason, all the good deeds we can do should be done during these days with more vigor and piety. In particular, fasting and dhikr (repetitive remembrance of Allah by both heart and tongue) need to be given special importance.

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) has exhorted his followers to do more righteous deeds, during this period, because of the virtue of these days. He has commanded us to recite more tasbih (saying subhaanAllah: ‘glory and praise to Allah’). This is as well as to tahmeed (saying al-hamdu li-Allah: ‘praise of gratitude and thankfulness be to Allah’) and takbeer (saying Allahu akbar: ‘Allah is the Greatest’).

Abdullah ibn-`Umar reported that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said:

“There are no days greater in the sight of Allah and in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Him than these ten days. So, during this time, recite a great deal of tahlil (saying Laa ilaaha illa-Allah: ‘there is no god but Allah’), takbeer and tahmeed.” (Reported by Ahmad.)

The Day of `Arafat

The first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah include the days of Hajj. Of particular importance is the Day of `Arafat, on which Allah perfected His religion. Fasting on this day is one of the most important sunnah fasts, which can expiate the sins of two years. Fasting on all these days, however, is not obligatory, nor was it a constant practice of the messenger, (pbuh).

One of the wives of the prophet (pbuh) said:

“Allah’s messenger used to fast the [first] nine days of Dhul Hijjah, the day of `Ashura’, and three days of each month. (Reported in Sunan Abee Dawood.)

The day of `Arafat is the day when the pilgrims stand in worship on the Mountain of `Arafat. This has been called the best day of the year.

The prophet (pbuh) has been quoted as saying:

“Fasting the day of `Arafat expiates the sins of two years: a past one and a coming one. And, fasting the day of `Aashura’ (the tenth of the lunar month of Muharram) expiates the sins of the past year.” (Reported by Muslim.)

The Day of `Eid al-Adha

The tenth of Dhul-Hijjah is `Eid al-Adha or the day of an-Nahr (sacrifice). It marks the conclusion of the major rites of Hajj. It also commemorates Allah’s bounty on His messenger Ibraheem (pbuh), when He gave him a ram to sacrifice, as ransom for his son Isma`eel, (pbuh).

`Eid al-Adha is a day of festival for Muslims who do not perform Hajj. While the pilgrims complete their rites, other Muslims continue with their `Eid celebrations. Here, they are prohibited from fasting. These are days of fun, happiness, eating, drinking and glorifying of Allah (swt).

The Sacrifice

Allah Almighty has mentioned the duty of the sacrifice together with the first and foremost worship in Islam, namely prayer. This obviously signifies its great importance. In Surah 108, verse 2, Allah has commanded thus:

Therefore pray to your Lord and sacrifice.

Sacrificing an animal, as part of `Eid observance, is an important sunnah, and a worship enjoined by the law of Allah. Many scholars stand to the view that the sacrifice is obligatory only on those who can afford it and not obligatory on those who cannot.

The sacrifice is not only to be enjoyed by the one who sacrifices and his family. A main reason behind this ritual is to provide for the poor and let them share this moment of happiness. It is to give charity to the poor and give them portion of what you eat in your own house. Thus, becoming one big family, sharing the same belief, as well as the same joy.

Sources: www.islamawareness.net, islamway.com

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